Aspects of the symbiotic relationship between Rhodnius prolixus (Stål) and Nocardia rhodnii (Erikson).

1. Development of normal and aposymbiotic nymphs fed on rabbits. 2. Effects of feeding citrated rabbit blood supplemented with various watersoluble vitamins to fourth and fifth instar nymphs. by Pamela Meridel Lake in [Toronto]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 70 Downloads: 535
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Subjects:

  • Symbiosis,
  • Rhodnius prolixus,
  • Nocardia rhodnii

Edition Notes

ContributionsToronto, Ont. University. Theses (M.Sc.)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsLE3 T525 MSC 1967 L35
The Physical Object
Pagination[70 leaves]
Number of Pages70
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17052582M

  The insect vector of Chagas disease, Rhodnius prolixus, has become a very popular model organism for exploring, among other things, the physiology of insects. Its ability to remain in a state of stasis until after engorging a blood meal has focussed most studies on those physiological and developmental processes triggered by the blood meal leaving the details of its sexual physiology vague. While some S. marcescensstrains have been reported as symbiotic or pathogenic to other insects, the role of S. marcescenspopulations from the gut microbiota of Rhodnius prolixus, a vector of Chagas’ disease, remains unknown. Bacterial colonies from R. prolixusgut were isolated on BHI agar. This paper presents a light microscope study of the cytology of the cells which secrete a substance into the lumen of the spermatheca of Rhodnius prolixus. On the basis of histochemical tests, the material in the lumen appears to be a mucoprotein or glycoprotein. It is suggested that the secretion. Rhodnius prolixus is one of the main vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, causative agent of Chagas disease. In Central America, it was first discovered in in El Salvador, from where it spread northwest to Guatemala and Mexico, and southeast to Nicaragua and Costa Rica, arriving also .

Other articles where Rhodnius prolixis is discussed: chemoreception: Altering pest behaviour: and other infectious viruses, and Rhodnius prolixus, a member of the assassin bug family that is known to transmit Chagas’ disease, can become insensitive to the chemical. A. aegypti was found to develop insensitivity within three hours of initial exposure, an effect correlated with a decline in. Insect Symbiosis summarizes the current knowledge of the relationship between symbiotic organisms and their insect hosts and provides an unparalleled analysis of cutting-edge research on this issue. Findings from international experts reveal possible new ways to control disease-carrying insects and agricultural pests worldwide. The kissing bug, Rhodnius prolixus is a vector for cruzi, transmitting the disease to human hosts. A. T. cruzi belongs to the protist supergroup Excavata. Discuss structural and functional diversity among protists. (relationships that affect their symbiotic partners. Capone, A, et al. () Interactions between Asaia, Plasmodium and Anopheles: new insights into mosquito symbiosis and implications in malaria symbiotic control. Parasites & Vectors 6, Carrillo-Araujo, M, et al. () Phyllostomid bat microbiome composition is associated to host phylogeny and feeding strategies.

  Fitzpatrick SO () The analysis of the relationship between silvatic and domestic populations of Rhodnius prolixus/robustus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Venezuela by morphometric and molecular methods. PhD Thesis. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, U.K. Raymond M, Rousset F () GENEPOP, Version Rhodnius is a genus of assassin bugs in the subfamily Triatominae (the kissing bugs), and is an important vector in the spread of Chagas disease. The Rhodnius species were important models for Sir Vincent Wigglesworth's studies of insect physiology, specifically growth and development.. Species. Rhodnius amazonicus Almeida, Santos & Sposina, ; Rhodnius brethesi Matta, (Tc). Rhodnius prolixus. Rhodnius prolixus - a blood sucking bug from Hemiptera order confined to drier savannah areas from southern Mexico to northern South America. This insect by transmitting the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is a principal vector of Chagas' disease, the incurable illness damaging the heart and nervous system and afflicting millions of people in Middle and South America.

Aspects of the symbiotic relationship between Rhodnius prolixus (Stål) and Nocardia rhodnii (Erikson). by Pamela Meridel Lake Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rhodnius prolixus and its symbiotic actinomycete: a microbiological, physiological and behavioural study Additionally several more general aspects of the insect/symbiont relationship have been studied and we believe this will help to show this relationship as an.

Genetically transformed symbiotic bacteria Rhodococcus rhodnii expressed functional antibody fragments (rDB3 encoding murine V(H)/K which binds progesterone) that were exported into the gut lumen.

This very detailed paper should be read in the original by those interested. In their discussion the authors say " The notion that there may be cyclical changes in the ratio of glucose to lactate in the insect leads to the thought that these changes could play some part in controlling or triggering the differentiation of the mammalian blood-stream trypomastigotes which begins soon after a Cited by: The following is virtually the author's summary.

Earlier views of the nature of the association between Rhodnius prolixus Stål and its symbiotic bacteria are confirmed [cf. R.A.E., B 24 ; 32 ]. The bacterium, originally described as Actinomyces rhodnii, is redescribed and placed in the genus Nocardia in accordance with more recent views of the classification of the Gram-positive Cited by:   Harington J.

() Studies on Rhodnius prolixus: Growth and development of normal and sterile bugs, and the symbiotic relationship. Parasitol Hill P., Campbell J. and Petrie I. () Rhodnius prolixus and its symbiotic actinomycetes: A microbiological, physiological, Aspects of the symbiotic relationship between Rhodnius prolixus book behavioral by: Cite this chapter as: () Rhodnius prolixus.

In: Darai G., Handermann M., Sonntag HG., Tidona C.A., Zöller L. (eds) Lexikon der Infektionskrankheiten des Menschen. The kissing bug Rhodnius prolixusis both an important vector of Chagas' disease and an interesting model for investigation into the field of physiology, including lipid metabolism.

The publication of this insect genome will bring a huge amount of new molecular biology data to be used in future experiments.

This work will contribute to the annotation of genes in the ongoing R. prolixus genome sequence project. Peptides were identified by de novo sequencing and comparisons to known neuropeptides from different organisms by database search.

By these means, we were able to identify 42 novel neuropeptides from R. prolixus. The peptides were classified.

Proboscis of Rhodnius prolixus piercing the skin of the mouse. The terminal portion of the proboscis is thinner at the level in which the mandibular and the maxillary stylets are thrust into the tissues.

Figure 2. Interaction between Rhodnius prolixus and a laboratory. The author discourses at some length on aspects of the ecology of sylvatic Rhodnius prolixus in Venezuela.

The close association of the bugs with wild palms, their original ecotope, is considered in relation to those natural factors of palm growth and form, and faunal associations, which influence the suitability of various palm tree taxa as habitats for the bug.

Inthey demonstrated that Rhodococcus rhodnii, a symbiotic actinomycete bacterium from Rhodnius prolixus, could be transformed with a shuttle plasmid (a plasmid that could replicate episomally in Escherichia coli and in R.

rhodnii) (Beard et al., ). When fed to the bugs, these transformed bacteria persisted throughout the life of the bug. 1. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. Nov 12;() Rhodnius prolixus and its symbiotic actinomycete: a microbiological, physiological and behavioural study.

A bacterial organism is described which occurs constantly in Rhodnius prolixus. It is present in the unfed newly hatched insect inside the cells at the cardiac end of the mid-gut.

Some days after feeding, the bacteria are set free into the cavity of the gut and multiply in the undigested blood in the stomach. Rhodnius prolixus Habitat and behaviour • • Found predominantly in mud­ wa llt>d houses with thatched roofs.

• l;1ves in cracks and fi ssures m the walls and roofs, behind!)it urt:s on walls, under mattresses or obi cts accumulated under beds, in d. Five discussion papers focused on some aspect of R.

prolixus toxicology (Garcia,;Garcia et al., Garcia et al., Rembold, ), and one book chapter (Garcia et al., b. novel aspects of insect development and evolution.

The ecological relationship between aphids showed an increase in the population of the symbiotic bacteria Rhodo-| Rhodnius prolixus NUNES. Silencing of rpRelish also increased the population of the symbiotic bacteria Rhodococcus rhodnii (Fig.

2 E–G), thus providing further support for an active IMD pathway despite the lack of. Sylvatic R. prolixus, as virtually all Rhodnius spp., is primarily associated with palm tree habitats and has a wide range of hosts including birds, rodents, marsupials, sloths, and reptiles.

The insect was used by Sir Vincent Wigglesworth for the detection of insect hormones. Rhod­nius pro­lixus have a long nar­row head with slen­der four-seg­mented an­ten­nae, com­pound eyes, and two ocelli pre­sent be­hind the eyes.

The clypeus at the front of the head is broad at the top. Rhod­nius pro­lixus have suck­ing mouth­parts which fold back be­neath the head and tho­rax when at rest. Insects of the genus Rhodnius Stal, collected by Corrêa in the State of São Paulo and considered by the author previously as R. prolixus and there- after as Rhodnius sp.

have been shown by. Bjornsson CS, Huebner E. Extracellular H+ dynamics during oogenesis in Rhodnius prolixus ovarioles. J Exp Biol. ; – Briegel H.

Metabolic relationship between female body size, reserves and fecundity of Aedes aegypti. J Insect Physiol. Rhodnius prolixus is the most epidemiologically important vector of T.

cruzi in Colombia. Triatomines are regarded to be vessel-feeders as they obtain their blood meals from vertebrate hosts by directly inserting their mouthparts into vessels. Microscopic techniques are useful for visualizing and describing the morphology of biological structures.

The bloodsucking bug Rhodnius prolixus takes blood meals throughout its life. For nymphs, blood meals are required for growth and molting; for adults they are needed for egg production. In adult females, abdominal stretching associated with feeding stimulates the release of a peptide hormone from the thoracic ganglion.

simple spermatophore in the large blood-sucking bug, Rhodnius prolixus. RESULTS The spermatophore in Rhodnius The spermatophore of Rhodnius has been described in some detail by Khalifa ().

Essentially it is a transparent, homogeneous, gelatinous, pear-shaped mass with a slit containing the semen in the dorsal surface of the anterior end.

Insect Symbiosis summarizes the current knowledge of the relationship between symbiotic organisms and their insect hosts and provides an unparalleled analysis of cutting-edge research on this issue. Findings from international experts reveal possible new ways to control disease-carrying insects and agricultural pests worldwide.

An examination of Wolbachia, considered by many. Examples of Symbiotic Relationships in the Deciduous Forest. A symbiotic relationship is defined as a relationship in which two organisms interact with one another.

There are various examples of symbiotic relationships such as mutualism, commensalism, parasitism and more seen between organisms inhabiting the deciduous forest.

Rhodnius prolixus (family: Reduviidae) is an important vector of Trypanosoma cruzi, a proto-zoan parasite and etiological agent of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) in Northern-South and Central America. Chagas disease affects an estimated 13 million people in the Americas.

Author Summary The bloodsucking bug Rhodnius prolixus is a vector of Chagas' disease, which affects 7–8 million people in Latin America. In contrast to other insects, the digestive tract of Rhodnius has three segments that perform different functions during blood digestion.

Here we report analysis of transcriptomes for each of these segments using pyrosequencing technology amounting to. biotic relationship between Rd. prolixus and Rc. rhodnii, while also providing a starting point for the development of biotechno- logical applications for the control of Rd.

prolixus. Received Rhodnius prolixus: Identification of missing The principal symbiotic bacterium in the microbiome of R. prolixus is the de Janeiro) carried out all aspects related to rabbit husbandry under strict guidelines to ensure careful and consistent handling of the animals.

Harington J.S. Studies on Rhodnius prolixus: growth and development of normal and sterile bugs, and the symbiotic relationship. Parasitology. ; 50 (1. Author summary Volatile organic compounds released by bacteria growing on human skin are mediating human-blood-sucking insects interactions.

In this study we were interested in those volatile organic compounds produced in vitro by skin bacterial metabolism that are involved in the Rhodnius prolixus interaction with humans. Rhodnius prolixus is the main vector of Chagas disease in.

The innate immune system in insects is regulated by specific signalling pathways. Most immune related pathways were identified and characterized in holometabolous insects such as Drosophila melanogaster, and it was assumed they would be highly conserved in all insects.

The hemimetabolous insect, Rhodnius prolixus, has served as a model to study basic insect physiology.